Hematoma in Leg

unduhan-37Hematoma in leg, is a therapeutic condition in which a particular zone of the lower leg gets swollen because of harm. To know more about its indications, read on…

Hematoma in leg, is a type of injury in the lower leg. In this condition, blood clots in the injured area of the leg. In other words, blood does not flow properly through that area. Blood vessels in the injured portion of the leg completely break. A direct blow, to the leg, with a blunt object often gives rise to this condition. It is essential to keep the injured leg elevated (raised), so that the blood circulates away from the spot that is swollen. This in turn helps to subside the hematoma.

Symptoms

Symptoms may vary depending on the severity of the injury. However, symptoms can turn grave, if treatment is neglected. Swelling over the injured area is the most common symptom of this leg injury. Other symptoms of leg hematoma are as follows:

  • Leg pain
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Tenderness
  • The affected area turns red. The injured area does not necessarily remain red and is likely to fluctuate from black to blue.

Treatment

Hematomas generally clear away on their own. It is essential to rest the affected leg, as this will allow the muscles to heal faster. One can use an ice pack to get relief from the pain. Put ice chips in a plastic bag, wrap the bag in a towel and place it over the affected area of the leg for 20 minutes. Repeat this procedure 3 to 4 times a day. One way to accelerate the healing process is to increase blood circulation in the portion of the leg. Hot baths can definitely promote healing in the injured area. Applying a heat ointment can do wonders in healing the injury. One can also place a heating pad to increase the blood flow in the injured area. Doctors also recommend to use heat lamps, compresses and whirlpools, to reduce the hematoma.

For minor pain and discomfort, doctors may prescribe painkillers such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen. Topical ointments and liniments are also useful in this regard. A stronger medicine is often recommended for severe pain. Never use aspirin (available over the counter) to treat pain associated with hematoma. This is because aspirin provides an anticoagulant effect and hence its usage can actually worsen hematoma. For larger hematomas, the healing process is slow and may take several weeks or even several months. In such a case surgical procedures are used to drain expanding hematomas. In some patients hematoma is developed over the shin bone, and requires immediate surgery.

Diet

Eating a well-balanced, nutritious diet is a must, to speed up recovery. Make sure that the patient’s diet contains extra protein to regain muscle power. Foods rich in protein like meat, fish, cheese, poultry, eggs and milk should be consumed. One should consume food that have high amount of vitamin C. Citrus fruits such as orange, lime and grapefruit are a rich source of vitamin C, and intake of these fruits ensure a speedy recovery of the injury.

Risk Factors

Bleeding that causes pooling of blood below the skin is not always related to trauma. For instance, people have shown signs of leg hematoma despite not suffering from any physical injury. This has been attributed to blood clotting disorders that may occur due to intake of anticoagulants. To simply put, people put on blood thinners or anticoagulants have higher chances of getting hematoma in leg. These drugs are formulated to prevent clotting of blood, which in turn encourages internal bleeding. This may cause accumulation of blood anywhere below the skin. Patients diagnosed with low blood platelets (cells that help blood to clot and prevent bleeding) may also suffer from hematoma in leg.

People suffering from varicose veins in the lower body may also show symptoms of leg hematoma. In this blood circulation problem, the veins becomes chronically large and fail to work properly. As a result, the blood gets collected in these veins, eventually causing hematoma. Painful legs, swollen ankles and change in skin color around ankles are some of the most common symptoms of varicose veins. People doing jobs that require standing for prolonged periods of time, usually fall prey to varicose veins

Possible Complications

Many people tend to neglect treatment associated with leg hematoma, however, this can make matters worse. If the hematoma becomes large, it may cut off blood circulation to the surrounding tissues. Other complications in large hematoma generally include, nerve and muscle damage causing a weak foot.

Preventing Hematoma

Sports related injuries often cause leg hematoma. People who participate in contact sports such as rugby, ice hockey, basketball and American football, are at great risk of leg injury. The best way to prevent this medical condition is to minimize the impact of the injury. This can be easily achieved by wearing protective personal equipment such as shin pads during any athletic activity. On the whole, wearing protective equipment while playing any sport is also very important to reduce the risk of hematoma. For instance, when taking part in American football, do not ignore wearing the helmet, shoulder, thigh and the knee pads that essentially act as shock absorbers and prevent hematoma.

Foot Tattoo Healing

Before you get yourself a foot tattoo, you ought to realize that it requires extra care to mend. In this article, you will observe a few directions that should be taken after to accelerate the recuperating procedure.

Foot tattoos look really attractive since they are placed on a flat surface. However, it has its own share of disadvantages too. The pain experienced during inking on the foot is much higher. This is because of the absence of muscles in between the skin and the underlying bones. Moreover, several nerves of our body end on the foot, which makes it even more painful. Other than the pain, more bleeding also occurs during inking. Usually, healing time varies between two to five days depending on the size and position of the tattoo.

Facts

There are certain issues related to foot tattoos that you should be aware of before getting it done. Following is the list of the important facts about foot tattoos:

  • These tattoos should be done in summer and not in winter. Footwear hurt the tattoo a lot and so one cannot wear shoes for some time till the wound is healed. You cannot do without footwear in winter, hence summer is a better time to get it done.
  • When you plan to get inked on your foot, it should not be on both feet at the same time. Otherwise, moving around will be very difficult for you.
  • The ink often tends to get migrated and thus the tattoo gets blurred. Hence, you have to re-ink it after regular intervals of time.
  • The top of the foot is the best position for a tattoo, as the ink is less likely to spread. The sides of the feet or the toes should be avoided, as the chances of the tattoo getting blurred are higher in these parts.
  • If you are diabetic, then you should not get inked on your foot at all. This is because diabetes causes a lot of circulation problems. So, any inking below the knee will cause a lot of problems for you.

Aftercare

  • As our feet are exposed to a lot of dirt, one has to be careful so that infection does not occur during the healing process.
  • Walking is a tough task after inking of the feet because of the swelling and pain. So, you have to give proper rest to your feet for the first few days after getting inked. You may also have to take a break from your work.
  • You cannot wear any footwear till your tattoo is considerably healed. If required, you can wear flip flops or any other open shoes that do not cover the inked area. After 4-5 days, if you have to wear shoes, then you have to wear 2 pairs of light socks so that the tattoo does not rub against the hard surface of the shoes.
  • You should not drive right after getting a foot tattoo. This is because the pain will get aggravated as a result of pressing the pedals while driving. Therefore, make sure you arrange for a driver who can drive you back once your tattoo is done.
  • After reaching home, the first thing that needs to be done is to keep your feet in an elevated position for a couple of hours. This will help to bring down the swelling. For the next couple of days, avoid sitting at a desk for a long time. Whenever you have to sit on a chair, try to keep the inked foot in a raised position.
  • Till the tattoo is completely healed, avoid swimming, as the skin is prone to infection during the recovery time. Swimming pools that are used by many other people could be a possible source of bacteria.
  • Always keep the inked foot free from dust and dirt. Wash it with mild soap and lukewarm water regularly to disinfect it. Then, dry thoroughly by dabbing it with a towel. Do not rub the towel over the tattoo. Also, never soak your foot in water for the first few weeks.
  • The tattoo should be kept in moist with the application of a good quality tattoo care lotion. However, too much of moisture can harm the tattoo and it may start bleeding.

The care instructions given here, if followed properly, can make the healing process faster. However, during the foot tattoo healing period, keep a close watch on the tattoo to check for any kind of infection. Excessive pain, accompanied by swelling and redness of the skin, are the signs of an infected wound. If you observe any of these signs, you should opt for treatments instantly as the infection may become severe very quickly.

Stages of a Cold Sore

There are essentially 2 phases of mouth blisters recuperating process in which the new skin is framed. They are talked about beneath:

Cold sores is an annoying condition that causes painful blisters to appear around the mouth. In some cases, these blisters appear on the gums and hard palate. Cold sores that occurs from contracting herpes simplex is a sexually transmitted infection. Cold sores cannot be completely cured, and recurrence of this skin infection is noticed among many people.

Stages of Cold Sores

How long the viral infection will last depends completely upon the body’s response to this condition. For a healthy person, the cold sores may end within 8-12 days, but in others it may take even 3-4 weeks to heal. Appropriate treatment can definitely help to speed up the healing process and shorten the duration of cold sore stages.

Stage 1: The cold sore slowly begins to form. As a result, the person experiences soreness and itchiness around the affected part. Eventually the area gets swollen and causes irritation.

Stage 2: Over time, fluid filled blisters are clearly seen on the infected area. These blisters are very small and appear as clusters. In most cases, large-sized clusters are not visible. They are basically tiny, hard pimples, that cause a burning sensation.

Stage 3: This stage is most contagious as the tiny pimples break and form a big ulcer causing extreme pain. A clear fluid is continuously released from the ulcer. The fluid contains newly formed viruses, therefore it is essential to avoid contact with the fluid to prevent the spread of infection.

Cold Sore Stages of Healing: The healing process usually starts 2 weeks after the formation of the sores. However, it can even begin early depending upon the patient’s health. As the scabs slowly begin to develop, after the ulcer vanishes, it is considered to be the first sign of healing.

Stage 1: During this stage, the healing process begins. The ulcer tends to become dry and eventually develops a brownish crust or scab. The person may also experience an itchy sensation. The constant cracking of scabs also causes a lot of irritation. One should not try to remove the crust by hand, as the crust acts as a protective cover to the new skin that is being formed under it.

Stage 2: With the passage of time, the wound that shows formation of a scab subsequently flakes off. Under the scab, new skin begins to form that causes more itching and pain. This indicates that cold sores will soon heal and the skin will regain its original texture. Even though the newly formed skin is free from cold sores, the healing process is not yet complete. The new skin appears reddish and the person is still contagious. The condition is said to be totally healed when the redness disappears.

Treatment

Pain relievers such as ibuprofen, aspirin and acetaminophen provide considerable relief. Applying ointments that include Benzyl alcohol (Zilactin) or lidocaine can also help to relieve the discomfort.

Antiviral medicines like Acyclovir, Famciclovir, and Penciclovir are also prescribed by doctors to lessen the severity of the infection. However, Vaseline or other petroleum-based products should not be applied, as they keep the infected area moist, which in turn slows down the healing process.

An easy way to speed up healing is to strengthen the immune system. Taking garlic supplements and Vitamin C tablets can boost the immune system. Lysine dietary supplements in the form of capsules (1000 mg) before meals, three times daily, can also help to reduce cold sore healing time. Instead of supplements, one can have vitamin C-rich foods and a garlic clove daily.

Home Remedies
Application of ice cubes or warm compresses over the blisters can also help to hasten the healing process. A holistic approach to treat this condition would be to use tea tree oil or aloe vera juice, as they destroy the germs and heal the infection faster.

A natural way to heal cold sores involves making a solution of olive oil and salt, and then applying it over the affected area. Another remedy involves mixing one drop each of neem oil, jojoba oil and tea tree oil, and then applying on the affected skin several times in a day. The antiviral properties of these plant oils are effective to limit spread of herpes virus and shorten the healing time.

Dietary Modification
Foods high in amino acid arginine are known to spur the growth of herpes virus, thereby prolonging the healing time of cold sores. So avoid or considerably minimize consumption of eggs, fish, red meat, coffee, chocolates, foods made from whole wheat, nuts, spinach and lentils, as they are high in arginine.

However, foods rich in lysine protein, such as milk, cheese, and yogurt are known to improve the condition and limit the spread of herpes simplex virus. This protein and the simplex virus do not go well together. Lysine, commonly found in most dairy products can play an important role in healing of cold sores wound.

Topical Ointment
Application of topical products such as Abreva is highly effective to speed up healing of this viral infection. Approved by FDA, Abreva not only decreases the severity of symptoms but also shortens the healing time. The medicine penetrates deep into the skin to heal the wound from inside. Apply this ointment 3-4 times everyday to get rid of cold sores within a week.

Some people, in order to get rid of cold sores, try to squeeze the blisters. However, this will not help in any way to eliminate cold sores. On the contrary, the condition will worsen and increase the time span of cold sore healing.

Tips to Treat a Muscle Pull or Strain

A muscle force or strain is brought on when a muscle is overstretched and gets torn. This as a rule happens because of absence of warm up before physical practice or because of strain on an officially powerless muscle. Be that as it may, the treatment could be done at home.

A muscle pull can cause mild discomfort or can disable a person from performing his daily activities. One can recognize a pulled muscle due to stiffness and pain in it, that intensifies within the next 24 hours and restricts movement. If the fibers of a muscle tear as a result of overstretching or due to an injury to the muscle or tendon, the condition is known as ‘strain’. In layman’s language, it is known as a ‘pulled muscle’. When a ligament is injured, it is called a ‘sprain’.

A muscle pull that causes only mild discomfort and does not prevent an individual from doing his daily activities is identified as a Grade I muscle pull. Pulled muscles that fall in Grade II cause moderate pain and may be associated with bruising and swelling. A Grade III muscle pull causes a lot of pain. There is significant swelling, muscle spasms and bruising. A severe muscle strain can even lead to torn muscle and torn blood vessels.

Treating a Pulled Muscle

Due to our busy lifestyle, we hardly get enough time to do physical exercises. To add to it, long hours in office, bad posture while working and lack of proper rest have made us more prone to muscle pulls, sprains and strains. However, thankfully with proper rest and the simple steps discussed in this article, a pulled muscle can be easily nursed back to health.

Note: Open wounds, fever and severe pain are the symptoms which need prompt medical attention. If you cannot lift your arm/leg or walk at all, if you have heard a ‘popping’ sound with the injury, if you notice significant swelling around the injured part, you should immediately contact your physician.

Rest
This is the first and the most crucial step of the treatment. As soon you experience a pull in your muscle, stop doing the activity that caused it. Refrain from using the injured part for the next 2 to 3 days. Resume your activity slowly. A muscle pull can give rise to pain even when you are resting. Be sure that the affected muscle has healed completely. Otherwise a muscle that has not properly recovered from its injury becomes more prone to being torn with even little strain, and repeated injury might turn into a bigger medical problem.

Apply Ice
After one has sustained a muscle pull, ice should be applied as soon as possible. The low temperature of ice slows down blood flow to the injured area. This prevents swelling of the muscle. The ice also numbs the nerves in the region that eases the sensation of pain. However, one must not apply ice for more than 20 minutes as prolonged ice application may cause a frozen nerve that takes long to heal. In case numbness sets in even before 20 minutes, application of ice must be discontinued. Also be careful not to apply ice directly on the skin as that might injure the skin or cause a superficial frostbite. Always fold the ice cubes in a towel or cotton cloth and then apply it on the injured area.

Ice should be applied for 20 minutes followed by a break of 20 minutes. This should be done for 2 hours per session with 2 sessions each day. This regime could be followed for 2 to 3 days. It can be extended to a couple of days more in case the injury is severe. While one is applying ice, the injured part should be kept at an elevated level. This would help reduce swelling of the muscles.

Apply Heat
Many physical therapists recommend heat application along with treatment with ice to heal a strained muscle. With the initial stages of slowing down blood flow to the injured part by applying packs of ice to it, heat application causes extra blood to flow into the strained muscle. This prevents muscle spasms. Heat application should be done for 20 minutes once a day. While there are some therapists and sports coaches who swear by the healing effects of a hot compress, there are others who advise completely against it. It would be best to be careful and apply heat to only a portion of the injured muscle initially to see how it responds to this treatment.

Elevation
It is advisable to follow elevation of the injured part as ice is being applied to it or just after such a session. Elevation drains excess fluid out of the injured part. This relieves muscle pain and swelling. If the injury is in the arm or leg, the limb could be propped up on pillows as one is lying down. In case one has pulled a muscle in his back or neck, lying down comfortably on the stomach would work.

Compression
Wrapping the injured part in an elastic bandage or with an ace wrap helps to reduce swelling by application of pressure. It provides extra strength to the muscle and also reduces movement, thereby ensuring that the muscle is not subjected to unnecessary strain. Hence, using a bandage specially when one is planning to do some light activity helps to prevent further injury. Compression works best when applied after the area has been treated with ice and elevated.

Medication
In case the swelling and pain is severe, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines like aspirin (Bufferin, Ecotrin) and ibuprofen (Advil) can be taken. However, many of them cause side effects like an upset stomach. It is best to consult a physician before taking these medicines. Homeopathic medicines like Arnica cream is a safer option and has been found useful by many.

Herbal Wraps
Herbal wraps work great for muscle strain. A paste or plaster of certain herbs when applied to the affected area improves ‘energy circulation’ and promotes fast recovery. Asians have been using herbal wraps for centuries. You should buy an authentic herbal wrap, from a reliable source.

Physical Training
After the muscle has healed following a muscle strain treatment, and one feels comfortable to resume normal or athletic activities, it is important to strengthen the injured muscle. Training under proper guidance is strongly recommended. Not only the injured muscles but also all the muscles should be stretched before starting the workout. One should be slow with the workout regime, as over-straining the weak muscle may cause muscle injury again. A proper warm up before physical exercises should be done without fail.

Causes

Any strenuous activity like suddenly lifting a heavy grocery bag can result in muscle strain. Athletes are more prone to this condition as they undergo intensive training. Not only strenuous sports activities but insufficient rest, poor diet, and sedentary lifestyle (no exercise), also increase your chances of suffering from frequent muscle pulls. For severe muscle strain, you should immediately consult your physician. Following home remedies can help lower the pain and discomfort caused by a mild muscle pull. The recovery time depends upon the severity of the injury and overall health of the person.

The aforementioned treatment options work well in case of a minor muscle pull, and they need not be followed in the same order as they have been mentioned. As mentioned above, in case of severe stress or strain, it is best to consult a physician. If home remedies bring no relief in 24 hours, you should seek proper medical help.